Date of Award




Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Department of Psychology


Clinical Psychology

Content Description

1 online resource (ii, 41 pages) : illustrations.

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Edelgard Wulfert


alcohol, behavior, cognitions, parents, College students, Parents

Subject Categories

Clinical Psychology


This research was designed to examine parental and cognitive factors that are structurally related to intention for alcohol consumption in college students as well as potential gender differences in these relationships. Multiple-group comparison was used in structural equation modeling to assess data-to-model fit of the hypothesized model. Perceived parental alcohol use, positive expectancies, abstinence self-efficacy in social situations, and intent to drink alcohol were structurally modeled and examined. Seven hundred and fourteen college students completed a number of self-report measures in the data collection stage of the study. Results showed good fit indices of the hypothesized model in both men and women, and parameter invariance was found across groups. Perceived parental alcohol use did appear to directly influence students' positive expectancies for alcohol use, which was significantly related to drink refusal self-efficacy, both of which impacted intention for future use. Implications for understanding both motivations for use and the development of alcohol-related cognitions in male and female college students are discussed, as well as directions for future research.