Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology


Counseling Psychology

Content Description

1 online resource (iii, vii, 70 pages)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Alex Pieterse

Committee Members

Micki Friedlander, Hung-Bin Sheu


Alcohol Use, Biracial, Health Disparities, Identity Development, Multiracial, Racism, Racially mixed people

Subject Categories

Counseling Psychology | Ethnic Studies | Psychology


Current estimates suggest that approximately 9 million U.S. citizens identify as biracial or multiracial (henceforth “multiracial”) and that the multiracial population grew 32% from 2000 to 2010 (Humes et al., 2011). Despite the growth and increased visibility of this population, the psychological research on this group is limited and further research is needed to address the potential unique needs of multiracial individuals with regard to experiences of racial oppression, racial identity, and connections to health (Choi, Harachi, Gillmore, & Catalano, 2006). Past findings have suggested a significant, direct relation between perceived racial discrimination and psychological distress among multiracial individuals and that multiracial identity integration may moderate these relations (Jackson, Yoo, Guevarra Jr., et al., 2012). Extending this empirical literature, this study examined relations between the potential moderating effect of multiracial identity integration (i.e. low racial conflict and low racial distance) between the relations of experiences of racism (i.e. perceived racial discrimination and internalized racism) on health (i.e. subjective health, psychological distress, and binge drinking) of 249 multiracial adults living within the U.S.