Author ORCID Identifier

Cynthia Najdowski:

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date




Approximately 1 in 5 women experience sexual assaults in adulthood during their lives (see Post, this volume, for review), including experiences of unwanted sexual contact, sexual coercion, attempted rape, and completed rape that result from threat, force, or incapacitation from alcohol or drugs (either willingly or unwillingly consumed).


Publisher Acknowledgement:

This is the Author’s Original Manuscript. The version of the record appears here: Ullman, S. E., & Najdowski, C. J. (2011). Vulnerability and protective factors for sexual violence. Invited chapter in J. W. White, M. P. Koss, & A. E. Kazdin (Eds.), Violence against women and children: Mapping the terrain (pp. 151-172). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.



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