Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology


Counseling Psychology

Content Description

1 online resource (x, 147 pages)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

LaRae M Jome

Committee Members

Myrna L Friedlander, Marcus Crede


role salience, social role theory, work-family balance, work-family conflict, Work and family, Dual-career families, Social role, Role conflict, Work-life balance

Subject Categories

Counseling Psychology


Over the past few decades the number of dual-earner families in the U.S. has drastically increased (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2009). Given these changes within society, families and employers are faced with many new challenges regarding the balance of family and work (Schultheiss, 2006). Individuals that experience a continuous degree of work-family conflict are more likely to experience mental health and physical health decline, and greater degrees of family and job satisfaction (Frone, 2000; Mesmer-Magnus & Viswesvaran, 2005). Greenhaus and Beutell (1985) proposed that individuals with multiple salient life roles will experience a great degree of work-family conflict. Several studies reported a significant relationship between role salience and work-family conflict (e.g., Carlson & Kacmar, 2000; Grzywacz & Marks, 2000). However, other studies (e.g., Higgins, Duxbury, & Irving, 1992; Perrone, Egisdottir, Webb, & Blalock, 2006) did not find a significant relationship between role salience (both work and family roles) and work-family conflict. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationships among life role salience and work-family conflict in full-time working mothers and fathers.