Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of History

Content Description

1 online resource (vi, 341 pages) : illustrations (some color)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Allen B. Ballard

Committee Members

Gerry Zahavi, Amy Murrell-Taylor

Subject Categories

History | Military History


The Regular Army of the United States played only a minor role in the American Civil War, a result of its being severally undermanned throughout that conflict. The Regular Army's lack of personnel was a product of an inefficient recruiting program that lacked the ability to compete for manpower with state volunteer regiments. The volunteers' higher pay, less rigorous duty, and generally high level of popular support at the state and local level caused most potential recruits to conclude that volunteer service was an easier path to take for fulfillment of military obligations. Well before the end of the war, most units of the Regular Army had to be withdrawn from active service in the field due to their lack of manpower.