Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Educational Policy and Leadership

Content Description

1 online resource (ix, 147 pages) : PDF file, illustrations

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Gilbert Valverde

Committee Members

Pamela Theroux, Tabitha Holmes


Leadership, Leadership Development, Leadership Programs, Mindfulness, Psychological Awareness, Self Awareness, Self-consciousness (Awareness)

Subject Categories

Educational Administration and Supervision | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Educational Leadership


Mindfulness is a key skill that produces the greater psychological awareness identified by most leadership scholars as being essential to effective leadership. This study conducted an exploratory assessment of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cocurricular collegiate leadership programs through pre- and post-participation application of the Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills (KIMS). The Social Change Model (SCM) of leadership development was used to represent mindfulness-based leadership programs due to an emphasis upon mindfulness and psychological self awareness. This quantitative study made use of a 2 x 2 mixed ANOVA and analyzed change in scores to identify the progress made towards the learning goal of mindfulness. Matched pre- and posttests were collected from 213 participants (103 SCM, 109 Non-SCM) who had participated in 1 of 6 different cocurricular collegiate leadership programs (3 SCM oriented, 3 Non-SCM oriented).