Date of Award




Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Department of Anthropology

Content Description

1 online resource (v, 91 pages) : illustrations (some color), color map.

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Sean M Rafferty

Committee Members

Christina B Rieth


archaeology, cultural resources management, geostatistics, GIS, intrasite analysis, quantitative spatial analysis, Spatial analysis (Statistics) in archaeology, Geographic information systems, Quantitative research

Subject Categories

Cultural Resource Management and Policy Analysis | Geographic Information Sciences | History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology


This thesis presents a brief overview of quantitative spatial analysis in archaeology with a discussion of the theoretical and methodological issues involved, and describes a set of methods for using Geographic Information System (GIS) software and spatial statistics for the assessment of archaeological resources. GIS has become a nearly ubiquitous and indispensable tool in many fields of resource management including archaeology. It is, however, applied by archaeologists most frequently for basic cartographic representations, large-scale regional analyses, or resource management data warehousing. Such applications underutilize the scale-independence of GIS, which is equally potent for intra-project data assessment. This thesis describes a set of GIS, geographical, and geostatistical techniques for the initial assessment of survey data in the identification and delineation of site boundaries, intra-site spatial analysis of cultural material to facilitate the assessment of site integrity, and expedient visualizations of these data through spatial correlation overlays.