Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology


Counseling Psychology

Content Description

1 online resource (vii, 103 pages) : PDF file, 1 illustration

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

LaRae M Jome

Committee Members

Matthew J Miller, Alex L Pieterse


Asian American, ethnic identity, generational status, immigrant, racial discrimination, situational well-being, Asian Americans, Race relations

Subject Categories

Asian American Studies | Counseling Psychology | Psychology


A randomized three-group, experimental online study was conducted to investigate the degree to which ethnic identity and generational status moderated the relationship between racial discrimination and situational well-being in a sample of Asian Americans. Replicating and extending Yoo and Lee's (2008) study, the current sample of 194 Asian American participants were randomly assigned to one of three vignettes: without racial discrimination (control group), a single incident of racial discrimination, or multiple incidents of racial discrimination. Results indicated that participants in the two experimental conditions reported more negative affect than participants in the control group, and participants in the multiple incidents condition experienced more negative affect than participants in the single incident condition. The hypothesis that generational status would significantly moderate the relationship between racial discrimination and situation well-being was partially supported, such that the magnitude of the relationship between racial discrimination and negative affect was greater for U.S.-born Asian Americans compared to Asian American immigrant participants. That is, U.S.-born Asian Americans reported lower situational well-being in the multiple incidents condition compared to their Asian American immigrant counterparts in the same condition. Contrary to the hypothesis, ethnic identity did not moderate the effects of racial discrimination on situational well-being. Findings suggest that perceptions of multiple incidents of racial discrimination may be perceived as rejection from the majority culture, therefore more devastating to U.S.-born Asian Americans who have a greater stake in their identification with the U.S.