Date of Award




Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Department of Psychology


Industrial/Organizational Psychology

Content Description

1 online resource (ii, 37 pages) : illustrations.

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Ho Kwan Cheung


Attribution of Blame, Injustice, Social Exchange, Work-Family Backlash, Work-Family Conflict, Work-life balance, Work and family, Organizational justice, Social exchange

Subject Categories

Industrial and Organizational Psychology | Psychology


In consideration of an employee’s wellbeing, both the government and organizations are providing additional work-family benefits to employees to reduce work-family conflicts. Though there are good intentions with these policies, it is important to investigate how employees react to these policies and the utilization of those benefits. One reaction of interest is work-family backlash (WFB), which includes negative emotions, attitudes, and behaviors made by both individuals and groups directed towards multiple forms of work-life benefits practices and policies (Perrigino et al., 2018; Young, 1999). In this paper I draw from the multifoci approach of organizational justice (Lavelle et al., 2007) and argue that WFB predicts perceived injustice at three targets which are the organization, the supervisor, and the co-worker. I argue that the association between WFB and injustice at each target is moderated by the quality of the social exchange relationship with the target. For this study I recruited 214 individuals from Amazon's Mechanical to participate in the survey. The results of the study highlight that WFB is only predictive of co-worker injustice but none of the other hypotheses received support. I conclude with implications of the study and possible future directions.