Date of Award




Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Department of Sociology

Content Description

1 online resource (iv, 47 pages) : 1 color illustration.

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Richard Lachmann

Committee Members

Joanna Dreby, Gabriel Hetland


Costa Rica, COVID-19, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Policy responsiveness, COVID-19 Pandemic, 2020-, COVID-19 (Disease)

Subject Categories



The COVID-19 crisis is challenging the state capacity of nations around the world without any close historical precedent. In Central America, El Salvador, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua have implemented a series of legal regulations that range from scarce to extensive. It is challenging to estimate definite political and economic effects because of the current crisis's ongoing and dynamic nature. However, this descriptive research aims to create an initial but coherent comparative research of the policy responsiveness taken in the three Central American countries. The findings illustrate the connection between ideology, institutional order, law enforcement, and fiscal and monetary measures applied during the first months of the COVID-19 crisis in 2020. Finally, it emphasizes the connection of past political structures -through the principles of development- (Jeffrey Paige, 1997) with the policy responsiveness in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica.

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Sociology Commons