Date of Award




Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Department of Anthropology

Content Description

1 online resource (ix, 125 pages) : illustrations (some color)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Sean Rafferty


Anthropology, Archaeology, Bioarchaeology, Eighteenth Century History, Footwear, Skeletal Anatomy, Human remains (Archaeology), Soldiers' bodies, Disposition of, Foot

Subject Categories

History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology


In 2019, an unmarked burial ground was discovered in the town of Lake George, NY. Under the leadership of the Bioarcheology department at the New York State Museum, numerous interments were excavated. A few of the remains had been bisected, leaving only their lower limbs. Additionally, many of the remains were commingled within a large mound of dirt. Upon analysis, the remains recovered from the Courtland Street site were determined to be associated with the Revolutionary War and the early Battle of Quebec in 1775. Due to the state of the remains, it was only possible to focus an analysis on one aspect of the skeleton. Therefore, the subject of this thesis was to investigate the foot morphology of this group as a whole and to see if, and how, soldier’s feet were affected by their involvement in the Revolutionary War. This thesis is separated into two parts; first, the feet of commingled remains were reconstructed. Once this was completed, investigation was completed on whether foot injuries, such as stress fractures, were present within this group. In addition, the musculoskeletal aspects of the metatarsals and non-metric traits, such as accessory facets of the tarsal bones, were studied.