Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


School of Social Welfare

Content Description

1 online resource (xiii, 163 pages) : illustrations (some color)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Barry Loneck

Committee Members

Elga Wulfert, Heather Larkin


Counselor, Disclosure, Education, Experience, Recovery Status, Working Alliance, Counselor and client, Substance abuse, Self-disclosure, Recovering addicts

Subject Categories

Counseling Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Social Work


Although evidence shows that between 30 and 75 percent of alcohol and other drug (AOD) counselors are themselves in recovery from a substance use disorder, dated research comparing the effectiveness of recovering and non-recovering counselors failed to control for education, experience, and use of disclosure. Given that the strength of the working alliance between client and counselor is highly predictive of outcome and utilizing interpersonal influence theory as an organizing framework, a path model was hypothesized which posited (a) counselor recovery status and its disclosure impact counselor attractiveness which, in turn, impacts working alliance; (b) counselor education impacts counselor expertness which, in turn, impacts working alliance; and (c) counselor experience impacts counselor trustworthiness which, in turn, impacts working alliance.