Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology


Counseling Psychology

Content Description

1 online resource (vii, 95 pages) : illustrations (some color)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Jessica L Martin

Committee Members

Alex Pieterse, Michael V Ellis


Alcohol, College, Injunctive Norms, Intervention, Prevention, Secondhand Effects, College students, Peer pressure, Social norms

Subject Categories



A number of prevention/intervention efforts aim to address college student drinking, a public health concern with dire consequences. Currently, prevention and intervention efforts do not address secondhand effects of alcohol (SEA), which include negative consequences (e.g., study/sleep interruption, physical/sexual assault) that result from other students’ drinking behaviors. SEAs are problematic because they impose consequences for all students and are related to lower academic performance and school satisfaction. The current study (1) created and evaluated the psychometric properties of a new instrument the Attitudes Towards Secondhand Effects of Alcohol (ATSEA), and (2) examined the influence of peer feedback on perceived attitudes towards SEA and intentions to drink. Results of this experimental, repeated measures study with three conditions (i.e., peer approval, peer disapproval, or no peer feedback) demonstrated that there was a significant interaction between time and experimental condition on the outcome variables. Specifically, those in the disapproval condition reported significantly lower scores on perceived attitudes towards SEA compared to those in the approval condition. Further, findings provide initial support the psychometric properties of the ATSEA. Important theoretical and practical implications and directions for future research are discussed.

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Psychology Commons