Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Organizational Studies

Content Description

1 online resource (viii, 180 pages) : PDF file, illustrations (some color)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Tom Taber

Committee Members

Marcus Crede, Richard Johnson


gender, measurement, methodology, occupations, stereotypes, Sex discrimination in employment, Sex role in the work environment, Stereotypes (Social psychology)

Subject Categories

Industrial and Organizational Psychology | Organizational Behavior and Theory


Certain occupations are often stereotyped as feminine (e.g., elementary school teacher) while others are stereotyped as masculine (e.g., engineer) (White, Kruczek, Brown, & White, 1989; White & White, 2006). This study proposed using multiple methods to assess stereotypical judgments about the masculinity and femininity of five occupations: engineer, law enforcement officer, accountant, fashion designer, and elementary school teacher. Implicit, indirect, and explicit assessments were used to measure gender based stereotypes of occupations to examine similarities or differences between the different methods. Implicit assessments involve measuring automatic evaluations to stimuli, while indirect assessments involve gender ratings of attributes associated with occupations. Both implicit and indirect measurements leave participants relatively unaware of what is being measured. On the other hand, explicit assessments (e.g., surveys) make the nature of the study known because people are explicitly asked questions pertaining to the variables of interest.