Date of Award




Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Department of Anthropology

Content Description

1 online resource (ii, 49 pages) : illustrations (some color)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Christopher B Wolff

Committee Members

Sean M Rafferty


Archaic, Lithic Analysis, Maritime Archaic, Material culture, Northeast, Technology, Projectile points, Spears, Stone implements, Indians of North America

Subject Categories

History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology


This research focuses on the morphology, chronology and provenience of nipple-based spearpoints found in Newfoundland and Labrador and their relationship to larger-scale cultural processes during the Archaic period of that Province. Nipple-based points are primarily thought to date between 7500-6000 B.P. and are associated with the early Maritime Archaic tradition, the earliest inhabitants of Newfoundland and Labrador. A recent find of a nipple-based point at the Stock Cove site (CkA1-3) in eastern Newfoundland could mean that part of the island was colonized earlier than previously thought. Lithic analysis of the Stock Cove artifact will be discussed, and the results will be put into the larger cultural context of the Maritime Archaic lithic technology and what it suggests about the broader colonization process of Newfoundland.