Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Organizational Studies

Content Description

1 online resource (ix, 70 pages) : PDF file, illustrations (some color)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Gary Yukl

Committee Members

Thomas T. Taber, Cecilia Falbe


Change behaviors, Environmental Dynamism, Leadership, Management Level, Moderator, Unit Performance, Organizational effectiveness, Organizational change, Behavior modification

Subject Categories

Business Administration, Management, and Operations | Organizational Behavior and Theory


A survey study was conducted to determine how management level and environmental dynamism affect change leadership by managers and its impact on work unit performance. An on-line survey was used to obtain data from subordinates of the managers in many different organizations. The results showed that change-oriented behavior was used more by high level managers than by low level managers, and when the environment was dynamic rather than relatively stable. Management level enhanced the effects of a manager's change behavior on unit performance, and the enhancing effect of dynamism was marginally significant. The results are consistent with theories about the importance of adapting leadership behavior to the situation, but they also indicate that some change-oriented behaviors are relevant for most managers.