Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Anthropology

Content Description

1 online resource (xiv, 373 pages) : illustrations (some color), facsimiles.

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Louise Burkhart

Committee Members

Walter Little, David Carrasco


colonial Latin America, early modern theater, indigenous studies, Mesoamerica, Nahuatl, transculturation, Nahuatl drama, Indigenous peoples, Indians of Mexico, Antichrist, Syncretism (Religion)

Subject Categories

History | History of Religion | Latin American Literature


This dissertation centers around two recently-discovered early works of indigenous American literature, a pair of religious plays that take as their subject matter the medieval legend of Antichrist. The author of this dissertation located the plays, which are written in Nahuatl, the language of the Nahua (or “Aztec”) people, within a bound manuscript dating to the later half of the sixteenth century that is currently held in the library of the Hispanic Society of America in New York. The manuscript is signed in multiple places by a Nahua named Fabián de Aquino, in whose hand the plays are written. This dissertation presents for the first time a full transcription, translation, and analysis of the Antichrist plays of Fabián de Aquino, possibly the earliest complete New World treatments of the medieval Antichrist legend and among the oldest surviving dramatic texts in the Americas.