Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)


Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology


School Psychology

Content Description

1 online resource (1 volume) : illustrations

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

David N Miller

Committee Members

Callen E Kostelnik, Benjamin G Solomon


alternative education program, HELPS Program, oral reading fluency, secondary level, Reading (Secondary), Literacy programs, School children, Fluency (Language learning)

Subject Categories

Language and Literacy Education


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the HELPS Program on the reading fluency skills of secondary level students attending an alternative education program using single case design methodology. Participants in this study included one 8th grade student and two 9th grade students attending an alternative education program in northern New York State, each of whom had documented difficulties with reading fluency. Students were identified for participation through a review of available records indicating below average reading fluency skills and/or teacher recommendations based on reading fluency performance in the classroom. Results suggested that one of the three students made moderate improvements in reading fluency while participating in the HELPS Program. Potential challenges on implementing the HELPS Program with older students and those in alternative education programs are discussed.