Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Anthropology

Content Description

1 online resource (iii, 883 pages) : illustrations (some color)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Sean M Rafferty

Committee Members

Hetty Jo Brumbach, Marilyn Masson


Lithic Analysis, Northeastern Prehistory, Sedentism, Land settlement patterns, Prehistoric, Stone implements, Woodland culture, Archaeological assemblages

Subject Categories

History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology


This research is a technofunctional analysis of the by-products of stone tool manufacture. It is a straightforward look at how people were making tools in eastern New York between the Late Archaic and Woodland period. The purpose of the study is to examine whether there is evidence to support models of widespread change in subsistence and settlement practices from the Late Archaic through the Mid-Late Woodland in Eastern New York. Analysis of lithic assemblages from a multitude of sites suggests a gradual settling in of past populations. Specifically, it does not appear that methods of procurement, manufacture, or use differed in any significant way. In light of these results, it then becomes necessary to discuss alternative forces that may have been driving cultural changes apparent throughout the Eastern Woodlands during this time.