Date of Award




Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


School of Criminal Justice

Content Description

1 online resource (vii, 85 pages)

Dissertation/Thesis Chair

Alan J Lizotte

Committee Members

David McDowall, Robert Apel, Megan Kurlychek


Employment, Event History Analysis, Fixed Effects, Incarceration, Re-entry, Reintegration, Ex-convicts, Employment re-entry

Subject Categories

Criminology | Sociology


Prisons and jails across the Unites States release more than 600,000 inmates each year. Scholars have posed and addressed numerous concerns for the reintegration outcomes and prospects that face ex-inmates. Yet, little is known about the cumulative employment and economic disadvantages faced by ex-inmates who experienced their first incarceration at early ages or experience multiple incarcerations throughout their lives. Using event history and fixed effects analyses on longitudinal data from the Rochester Youth Development Study (RYDS), this project explores employment acquisition, employment tenure, employment stability, and use of public assistance for signs of differential ex-inmate disadvantages. While cumulative disadvantage is not universally evident, disaggregating ex-inmates based on incarceration history is fruitful, and this study's findings contribute to our understandings of previous empirical research.

Included in

Criminology Commons