Date of Award


Document Type

Honors Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



Advisor/Committee Chair

Lauren Clemens


In this thesis, I review and investigate differential object marking in Copala Triqui, which uses the word man to overtly mark accusative case. Overt case marking is optional in some contexts and required in others. I describe the current literature on the topic and summarize the findings of other researchers on the optionality of man. Additionally, I examine another way to analyze differential object marking according to the qualities of the object only (“local”) or the relationship between the subject and object (“global”). The labels of local and global can be applied to existing analyses. The animacy, personhood, and pronominal status of subjects and objects have the biggest effect on the optionality of man. I identify nine types of subjects and objects according to those categories. These categories can be used to identify if there is existing data for each combination of subjects and objects. For those missing data points, I suggest example sentences to be used in elicitation. The optionality of man is a question of continuing research, and the findings of this paper can serve as a guide to future researchers about the outstanding questions and missing data points.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.

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Anthropology Commons