The summer uprising of 2019 in Puerto Rico was a repudiation of politics as usual and revealed that Partido Popular Democrático (PPD) and Partido Nuevo Progresista (PNP) dominance of the island’s political system is no longer assured. The political landscape has been transformed by the popular uprising, and new actors and forces are emerging that may cause Congress to rethink the terms of Puerto Rico’s colonial subordination.
Caban, Pedro, "The Summer 2019 Uprising: Building a New Puerto Rico" (2019). Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latino Studies Faculty Scholarship. 37.