Author ORCID Identifier

Jason G. Randall:https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3046-1428

Document Type

White Paper

Funding Organization and Award Number

New York State COVID-19 Minority Health Disparities Award at the University at Albany, SUNY

Publication Date

2021

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to challenge the global population as infection rates climb, and officials struggle to balance the need to slow the spread of COVID-19 but also open economies safely. The disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on minority communities has raised questions about the unique experiences of these communities in terms of not only becoming infected with COVID-19, but also mitigating its spread. Although contact tracing has been identified as an invaluable tool for managing community spread and supporting economic reopening, this is contingent, in part, upon compliance with contact tracer requests. In this study, we investigated how misinformation and distrust might influence intentions to comply with contact tracer requests among a sample of self-identified minority New Yorkers. Results showed that intentions to comply with contact tracing requests was directly related to knowledge about contact tracing, trust in contact tracers, trust in healthcare professionals, and self-identified political liberalism. Results also showed that increased intentions to comply with contact tracers was indirectly influenced by trust in healthcare professionals, trust in government healthcare officials, and trust in news media via increased trust in contact tracers, and health literacy and political liberalism through increased knowledge of contact tracing. These findings inform four policy recommendations for improving contact tracing compliance among minority individuals by combating misinformation and distrust.

Contact Author

Jason Randall

University at Albany, State University of New York

jgrandall@albany.edu

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